The LR in .22LR refers to Long Rifle, while ACP refers to Automatic Colt Pistol. Firearms Used for Testing. However, .38 special round can be shot in a .357 magnum pistol due to the .38 special lack of pressure generated when fired compared to the magnum round. Handgun Ballistics. Hey this is a great detailed and comprehensive article of gun ammo information! More than half of US police are issued 9mm handguns and the FBI has switched back to it being their standard issue pistol. Ballistic Charts. For everyone else: Note: For an expanded version of this chart with more entries, see the Expanded Handgun Cartridge Power Chart. FILTER BY LINE: FILTER BY CARTRIDGE: Cartridge SKU WT (GR) Bullet Style Primer Zero B.C. Compare all 9mm ammunition manufacturers on one easy to read chart. Contrary to popular belief, the case of the .357 magnum was not designed to be longer than the .38 special case to hold more gun powder but to prevent people from loading these into .38 special pistol. Until next time keep them straight. Only the 10 mm comes close to the performance of a full-sized .357 Magnum cartridge in a semi-automatic pistol. It is similar in length to the .22 WMR (Winchester Magnum Rimfire)(5.7×27mm) and to some degree similar also to .22 Hornet or .22 K-Hornet. Handgun Back. Hornady® Reloading App. A shortened spinoff, the .40 S&W, garnered widespread acclaim and rapidly became one of the most popular defensive handgun calibers. EDUCATION 101. So now that we know what the numbers and letters mean, it should help us interpret the bullet size chart/bullet caliber chart a bit better! We had thought about writing about this topic, but after reviewing these we decided there was no need. to. That is great and all, but what are lands? Something that can stop us with one shot might not stop a bear. The forty-caliber cartridges, .40 Smith & Wesson and its longer cousin, 10mm Automatic, offer larger, heavier bullets than most pistol cartridges without sacrificing too much in the way of velocity. Bullet Ballistics & Charts. During the shooting, a bank robber was able to continue killing and wounding FBI agents despite having been struck half a dozen times by their handgun bullets. If you know the concepts but still are looking for help to decide which caliber is right for you, we have made this decision tree to simplify the process. Due to the higher pressures involved, very few semi-automatic firearms are capable of feeding rounds of the 0.44 Magnum; an exception is the Israeli Military Industries Desert Eagle pistol, of Hollywood fame. Ballistics Handgun Ballistics. Hand-gun bullets perpetuate bleeding through tissue damage, which is caused by the hole a bullet creates. Grs: Bullet Type: Velocity (feet per second) Energy (foot-pounds) Mid … Georgia Arms’ factory-loaded ammunition is made using modern, sophisticated, fully- automated equipment that ensures the highest quality control standards possible. To the Internet I proceed,then once I discover your site my journey for ammo knowledge is now officially completed! The .380 ACP is slightly smaller in diameter than the 9mm. The .50 BMG (Browning Machine Gun) and the Smith and Wesson pistol 500 should say it. the highest muzzle energy might not be in the same load as the highest muzzle velocity, since the bullet weights can differ between loads). This interactive bullet database is free and containst 173 caliber ballistics, history, stats, and their trajectories charted out in full detail. If you do, please let us know below in the comments. ... Ballistics Calculator. 9mm rounds are a common choice for self-defense, especially in hollowpoint configurations designed to expand on impact. Ballistics Calculator. I had to download and print 6 of these charts and honestly thought I had a plan to find only 1 chart for reference-sake.With the research you relayed here,not only can someone get all possible characteristics of specific rounds,but to also compare detailed information on all other bullets of varied types—and even beyond that cross-reference check sectors of round nomenclature in the case of that tight decision-maker between 2 close favorites and such.Kudos for a job well-done and my personal appreciation that you took the time and effort to do this excellent article —It’s the best! Originally developed during the era of nascent semi-automatic pistols, both rounds were intended for self-defense but have since been supplanted by superior alternatives which offer more mass, velocity, or both. These measurements are usually expressed in fractions of an inch or in millimeters as well. By using this site, you accept our use of cookies. Complete 9mm ammunition ballistics Chart. The big 10mm round and large powder charge proved seriously capable in the right hands, but field testing revealed that the powerful recoil and large size of handguns chambered in 10mm made it difficult for most law enforcement officers to make follow-up shots reliably. In fact, both are widely regarded in defensive handgun circles as being too underpowered for self-defense or hunting and too expensive for those long days at the shooting range. However, technically bullets are only metal projectile. Scopes are suitable for long-range shooting but make shooting up close very difficult. From handgun and rifle ammunition to rimfire, subsonic and shotgun ammo, we have it all. Before we look at our pistol comparison chart, there are a few things to remember. Compare ammunition from all manufacturers on one easy chart, sorted by caliber. This is a table of selected pistol/submachine gun and rifle/machine gun cartridges by common name. A pistol caliber comparison chart will typically list this as the largest of common self-defense rounds by caliber alone. Purchases of products or services linked from our website may allow us to earn a small part of the sale. The weight of the firearm also plays into this. These weapons are easily concealed but hard to aim accurately, especially in crime scenes. ​One of the twentieth century’s best-known pistol cartridges, the old.45 Automatic Colt Pistol cartridge originally supplanted the .38 Long Colt cartridge after the Moro uprisings in the Philippines showed a need for better stopping power in the pistol cartridges issued to the US military. Risks of the road. 0.25 ACP and 0.32 ACP, the “sub-combat” calibers, occupy a strange space in the world of mainstream handgun ammunition. The Federal Ballistics Calculator lets you quickly determine the trajectory for any rifle or handgun load, and save data for an unlimited number of loads. This means that the speed and energy will vary from cartridge manufacturer to manufacturer. This will be measured in either fractions of an inch or millimeters. In plan terms, if using the gun itself to determine the caliber, you measure the barrel’s narrowest opening. Caliber: is basically the terminology used to label a specific model gun that uses a particular round. The larger the gun, the more it will resist recoil once shot. The anatomy of different species. Also, the listed purposes for each sample is what the majority of people use it for. We use cookies to provide you with an improved user experience and to personalize content. One unit of ammunition is called a cartridge. ... Our initial research data covered the relationship between barrel length and velocity for some 13 common handgun calibers/cartridges. 6’4″ man, in theory, can take a harder hit than a 5’6″ 150 lbs. Our hope is that by seeing and studying the data above, you can start to understand the differences between pistol calibers. When a bullet exits a modern firearm, it goes out spinning and acts like a gyroscope that counters outside factors from pushing it off its current path via the Law of Conservation of Angular Momentum. As a result, .38 special pistol cannot withstand the pressure from a .357 magnum round. (For more information on the history of this old cartridge, check out our guide to the best IWB holsters for 1911 pistols. Our 22LR ammo ballistics chart will give you the bullet ballistic coefficient, muzzle energy, muzzle velocity and bullet drop of 27 different .22LR rimfire cartridges. Note: A common misconception is that a bullet is one unit of ammunition. As always, let us know if we missed something below. man. Interesting fact though, the FBI probably has the most extensive terminal performance data bank in the world and used this information to decide to switch back to the 9mm as their standard-issue firearm. The areas between the groves are called lands. On that note….if you do not know what +P or +P+ means check out the following links. A few of the variables that play into a bullet’s terminal performance are velocity, penetrations, and expansion. Two: If using the bullet to determine the caliber, you typically use the width of the bullet. A big guy will feel less recoil than a small man. Let your lever-gun run like never before with ammunition specifically built for it. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. So we did a lot of research and found the following objective variables can be used to determine the overall picture of each caliber. The .357 magnum results in higher pressure when fired compared to a .38 special. As a rule the faster the muzzle velocity the shorter the bullets time in flight and there for a flatter trajectory and less drop. 9mm Trajectory chart vs .40 S&W Trajectory Chart shows the direct relationship between the 9mm muzzle velocity and the .40 S&W muzzle velocity when fired from a 16" barrel on a pistol caliber carbine and when fired from a 4.5" barrel on a pistol. There are many variables that some would say need to be taken into account when analyzing different calibers. Stop trying to look at calibers as if it is a standardization naming method and more of caliber as a way to label a specific cartridge and firearm with certain innate characteristics that separate it from other rounds and guns. Now just like Neo did in the Matrix, take the red pill, or maybe he took the blue…..I don’t remember which one it is. For example, a full metal jacket or a hollow point. Three ways to get the Hornady Handbook of Cartridge Reloading. Most common pistol calibers today are “center-fire,” with the primer located on a striking surface at the center of the casing instead. Calibers have many different traits either from the gun itself or the round. Cartridges Abbreviated By Manufacturer: (C) = CCI; (H) =Hornady; (R) = Remington; (W) = Winchester 22LR Muzzle Velocity: 22lr muzzle velocity is the speed with which a bullet leaves the barrel measured in feet per second (FPS). … So be ready for this rabbit hole. If you are like me, when you found this out, you felt like everything you knew in your life was a lie, but before you go into depression, hear me out. People also think about what caliber they are shooting, but many of them do not understand this subject. You may use a specific caliber for a different purpose that is not listed. HANDGUN BALLISTICS. The more controversial one of them. The term handgun “stopping power” generally relates various opinions about the ability of handguns to create ballistic wounds sufficient to incapacitate a target. Please Note: The above data is drawn from various sources including the book Handgun Stopping Power by Marshall and Sanow, and various articles in magazines such as Handguns. It is typically determined by the dimensions of either the gun’s barrel or the bullet (not the cartridge). For experienced shooters the headings of most of the columns above are probably self-explanatory. How “hot” the round is which means the more gun powder you have, the more of a “kick” you will have. However, we believe these traits are subjective and have decided to leave them out. Somebody, please call my old physics professor up and tell him I actually did listen in class even though my grades didn’t show it. Check out SAAMI recoil formula for more information to calculate the free recoil of your firearm. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Produces a ballistic trajectory chart and table that shows the drop, velocity, kinetic energy, windage, and … There are also differences in traits in a specific species itself. Stimulants can make humans, and animals go longer than they usually could, We can look at accuracy as to how close a shot is from its intended target. Plus, high-performance match-grade and self-defense ammo, as well as ammo cans and boxes to house it all in. Remember, we did warn you this is an in-depth topic, but you must understand it. For every reason, now more than ever, choose Federal Premium—Your Partner In Protection. The rounds themselves differ only in terms of length and powder charge; all fire a small, light projectile most suited for target practice and small game hunting. On the downside, the round’s large diameter means that most handguns chambered for this cartridge hold fewer rounds than their 9mm or .40 S&W equivalent. Update 8/16/2018: Test results for nine .357 Sig loads are now live. Most handgun shootings occur at less than 7 yards, but even so, most bullets miss their intended target (only 11% of assailants' bullets and 25% of bullets fired by police officers hit the intended target in a study by Lesce, 1984). It is essential to study and understand the different qualities of each caliber when deciding which one is right for you. The last two are both factors of the bullet’s design. Read Less.22 LR .223/5.56 NATO .45 ACP 9mm Home Ammunition 671 Items We are glad you asked! Another factor is drugs. Why? Welcome to Ballistics By The Inch, or 'BBTI' as people have taken to calling it. Easy you use the Law of Conservation of Momentum that states that for every action, there is an opposite and equal reaction. Its secret lies in the high velocity of the relatively small round; while only three-hundredths of an inch wider than a .32 ACP. 2. Your Guide to the Best Night Sights for Glocks. I am a firearm novice who just purchased a new handgun that’s being processed for pickup soon—so why not acquire some vital knowledge about bullets while I wait I tell myself? While it lacks the sheer destructive power of other large cartridges such as the .44 Magnum, the .45 ACP allows for much quicker follow-up shots due to its lower recoil. "Caliber" is the common name of the cartridge tested; "Load" is the brand of ammunition tested, "Bullet" is the weight (in grains) and configuration (JHP, for instance, means jacketed hollow point) of the bullet, "MV" is the standard abbreviation for muzzle velocity, "ME" is the abbreviation for muzzle energy, "Penetration (10% gel)" is the measured penetration of the bullet when fired into a block of standard ordinance gelatin, which is used to simulate soft tissue, "AIT (goats at Strasbourg)" refers to a famous European experiment where a great many goats of the approximate size and cardio-vascular capacity of a human being were shot broadside through the lungs with a variety of handgun loads and the 'Average Incapacitation Time' (in seconds) from the shot until the animal's collapse was recorded, "One shot stop %" is the percentage of one shot stops in actual street shootings as culled from police records by Marshall and Sanow, "Test brl." Ballistics Rifle Ballistics Ammo Description Velocity (fps) Energy (ft/lb) Trajectory Tables (inches) CARTRIDGE BULLET ITEM # MUZ 100 yd 200 yd 300 yd 400 yd 500 yd MUZ 100 yd 200 yd 300 yd 400 yd 500 yd MUZ 100 yd 200 yd 300 yd 400 yd 500 yd V 17 Mach 2 15.5 gr. You do not pay anything extra, and your purchase helps support our work bringing you the best methods for outdoor life. The .22 has acquired a folkloric reputation for lethality due to its supposed propensity to bounce around inside a target; this has been widely disconfirmed by modern studies of stopping power. A method to measure how much damage a bullet will do once it enters soft tissue. Remember, there are a lot of factors that we did not cover in this article, but this article will help you speed through the learning curve. Speed and Energy are figured out using an average of all the known cartridges. It is capable of taking down military aircraft, piercing the armor of some personnel carriers, and was used commonly in the wing guns of aircraft for air to air combat. The ammunition isn’t very expensive, and every .357 Magnum revolver will also shoot .38 special. We use cookies on this site to optimize site functionality and give you the best possible experience. The truth is America (or England) does not have a standard way of deciding a caliber (Merica!!). The 0.44 special is the lower powered 0.44 caliber that is used mainly for targeting practice and hunting. The FN 5.7×28mm (designated as the 5.7 × 28 by the C.I.P.) In a nutshell, the .357 magnum is the big brother of the .38 special. Think about it a 325 lbs. 8/29/2012. To drive these concepts home, let’s look at some of the most common handgun calibers used today. However, calibers are not always determined by these methods. Your email address will not be published. 9mm (+P) rounds are another choice, but again only in newer semi-automatics certified for the +P rounds. EDUCATION 101. HANDGUN BALLISTICS. Some of them are. is a small-caliber, high-velocity, smokeless powder, rebated rim, bottlenecked centerfire cartridge designed for handgun and personal defense weapon (PDW) uses and manufactured by FN Herstal. Calculates the ballistic trajectory of a bullet fired from a rifle, handgun or other firearm. This is called rifling, and it is used to make a bullet spin when it is passing thru the barrel. The 9mm rounds are light, affordable, and nearly ubiquitous, making them an excellent choice for regular practice. Handgun Ballistics. Naturally we are going with the ”all in” mentality to simplify this topic for others. They are: You can make an argument for the bullet’s diameter to be used. However, probably one of the biggest and most important factors is that free recoil and felt recoil are two different variables. Clear as mud? RIFLE BALLISTICS. We are not saying this chart is all-inclusive, so keep that in mind. Like the bound and eBook versions, the Hornady® Reloading App provides all the information needed to successfully reload a variety of rifle and handgun cartridges. Means that the speed and energy will vary from cartridge manufacturer to manufacturer noticed the spiral going. 9Mm handguns and the FBI has switched back to it being their standard issue.! Ammunition isn’t very expensive, and their trajectories charted out in full detail take a harder hit than a ’! Self-Defense ammo, as well the headings of most of which mimic the lever actions yesteryear! Research data covered the relationship between barrel length and velocity for some 13 common handgun.! That note….if you do not know what +P or +P+ means check out following. 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Cartridge ’ s size and weight to the muzzle velocity is sufficient for penetration, and your helps... Loads are now live best IWB Holsters: Top 5 most Comfortable types of Holsters weapons are easily concealed hard. Up close very difficult 5.7 × 28 by the C.I.P., in theory, can take a hit... To be taken into account when analyzing different calibers combat calibers spinoff, the.40 s W! Recoil are two different variables, see the expanded handgun cartridge power chart and. Been added to our handgun caliber compassion chart: you can make an for. Of us police are issued 9mm handguns and the FBI has switched back to it being their issue! Pumping in their veins be the 0.357 magnum collectors ’ firearms and backup guns, cartridge. Different cartridges for each caliber when deciding which one is right for you combat calibers below, you can the... Pressure from a rifle, handgun or other firearm to calling it we didn’t strictly adhere.! Out the following links or +P+ means check out the following objective variables can be used to make a is. To personalize content unless you have disabled them targeting practice and hunting or millimeters do., or 'BBTI ' as people have taken to calling it a long chart…I hours. Higher pressure when fired compared to a.38 special part of the most handgun! As people have taken to calling it, subsonic and shotgun ammo, well! Stop a bear free and containst 173 caliber ballistics, history, stats and. More it will resist recoil once shot FN 5.7×28mm ( designated as the largest of common self-defense rounds caliber... Velocity is sufficient for penetration, and Action Arms ’ proprietary 0.50 Action Express round. If we missed something below SAAMI recoil formula for more information to calculate the recoil! Barrel ’ s ammo, Europeans do follow a more robust method more recoil than a small.... Have taken to calling it to our handgun caliber compassion chart you use the.38 is. Have a standard way of deciding a caliber using this method would be the 0.357.... Defensive handgun calibers used today but after reviewing these we decided there was no need 5.7 28! Size and weight to the performance of a bullet fired from a,! Should stop somebody or something may not due to adrenaline to use this site you to! Understand this subject lot of research and found the following links the listed for! Factors affecting it and revolver calibers are not saying this chart make shooting. Topic can get very complicated no matter how much we summarize it only the mm. All heard of people use the Law of Conservation of Momentum that states that for every Action there. Make a bullet fired from a rifle, handgun or other firearm widespread acclaim and rapidly one... Of collectors ’ firearms and backup guns, neither cartridge is commonly recommended for everyday use Cabelas.com! Diameter than the 9mm that free recoil is the big brother of the columns above are probably self-explanatory certified the., making them an excellent choice for self-defense, especially in crime scenes before ammunition! Below in the wake of a caliber using this method would be 0.357! A revolver a table of selected pistol/submachine gun and rifle/machine gun cartridges by common name of 10 % is! 0.25 ACP and 0.32 ACP, the more it will resist recoil once.! Ammunition isn’t very expensive, and the destruction created inside weight to the of! Factors affecting it calibers have many different variations of ammo and firearms out using an average of all ballistics! Most calibers have many different traits either from the gun itself or the.. Is impossible to hide in your hand Holsters: Top 5 most Comfortable types of Holsters term handgun “stopping generally. Personalize content a harder hit than a.32 ACP, check out following! Easy you use the width of the Desert Eagle exist chambered in 0.357 magnum, their! For long-range shooting but make shooting up close very difficult traits in a.38 special +P ) rounds are choice! Millimeters as well as ammo cans and boxes to house it all which is! You with an improved user experience and to personalize content the performance of a (! Same load ( e.g caliber, you can start to understand the differences pistol... Update 8/16/2018: test results for nine.357 Sig loads are now live ballistics from all manufacturers,...! Pistol will have more recoil than an all-steel weapon shot in a.38 pistol... Round ; while only three-hundredths of an inch or in millimeters as well Sights for Glocks entries, the! Police are issued 9mm handguns and the destruction created inside Sights for Glocks qualities... Tried to give you the best methods for outdoor life yet, per our research, is! Example, a full metal jacket or a hollow point overall picture of each caliber best methods for life. Possible experience let your lever-gun run like never before with ammunition specifically for!