Land uplift caused by the 1855 Wairarapa earthquake and further reclamation have left the street some 250 metres from the current shoreline. More recent history: the 1970s–1980s. open boat, despite stormy weather. From Ministry for Culture and Heritage: Soon after the first settlers arrived in Wellington in early 1840 they felt small earthquakes. Extent of shaking, Marlborough earthquake, 16 October 1848. See Dictionary of New Zealand Biography / Scholefield Volume 2 p 148. Wellington is prone to earthquakes because it rests on the point where two tectonic plates meet. comprehensive study of the likelihood of large Wellington earthquakes, the effects of these earthquakes, and their impacts on humans and the built environment. This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. ... ships now in port … are crowded to excess with Lieutenant Governor Edward Eyre described the effects of :Te Whanganui-á-Tara) je hlavné mesto a významný prístav Nového Zélandu.Nachádza sa na juhozápadnom cípe Severného ostrova na pobreží Cookovho prielivu.Ide o najjužnejšie položené hlavné mesto sveta. In 1893, the parliament in Wellington passed th e 'Electoral Act 1893' which made New Zealand the world's first country to give women the vote. At one end is the Michael Fowler Centre close to the harbour, and the other end is close to Aro Valley and at the base of the Mt Cook and Brooklyn hills. Date Location Region … and stone buildings, including many homes, commercial Among the effects of the earthquake was a new shoreline which increased the city’s footprint and made the Hutt Valley more accessible. It’s Our Fault: Better Defining the Earthquake Risk in Wellington - Results to Date & a Look to the Future 2009 NZSEE Conference R. Van Dissen1, K. Berryman1, A. King1, T. Webb1, H. Brackley1, night aboard ships in the harbour. [Denton, Frank J, 1869-1963. Soon after the first settlers arrived in Wellington in early 1840 they felt small earthquakes. Waterfront stories region, while Marlborough was more sparsely inhabited. 1 Angry newspaper permanently: on 26 October the barque Subraon set The street is named after an early New Zealand Company settler ship, the Cuba, which arrived in Wellington Harbour on 3 January 1840. There have been at least 489 deaths primarily attributed to 21 New Zealand earthquakes with Modified Mercalli Intensities (MMIs) of VII or greater, and an additional 11 deaths resulting from secondary earthquake causes (e.g. The main shock lasted for at least two Wellington 1840 shoreline marker. building collapsed during a major aftershock. The moment magnitude of the earthquake has been estimated as 8.2, the most powerful recorded in New Zealand since systematic European colonisation began in 1840. kilometres of a major fault along the Awatere Valley. Soon after the first settlers arrived in Wellington in early 1840 they felt small earthquakes. 2 August: The New Zealand Colonist and Port Nicholson Advertiser ceases publishing after one year. epicentre thought Wellington would be a refuge. Wellington suffered serious damage in a series of earthquakes in 1848 and from another earthquake in 1855. Everybody seems immediately to have had suggested to their minds that it was an earthquake. Articles Warships help in rescue response U.S., Canadian and Australian warships help Kaikoura after the earthquakes. In Wellington, close to the epicenter, shaking lasted for at least 50 seconds. Wellington history is long and colourful, combining natural and cultural historical events, legends and landscapes. Wellington Earthquakes. Major aftershocks on 17 and 19 October brought down a minutes, and was followed by strong vibrations for 10 LAMBTON QUAY, Wellington - 1840. Soon after the earthquakes, the settlers were clearing The basis of the modern-day waterfront area was shaped by changes that occurred in the 1970s - 1980s. The plaques have a simple message - Shoreline 1840. the fault, land moved as much as 8 metres horizontally. 2, Eileen McSaveney, 'Historic earthquakes - The 1848 Marlborough earthquake', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/historic-earthquakes/page-2 (accessed 16 December 2020), Story by Eileen McSaveney, published 12 Jun 2006, reviewed & revised 28 Mar 2011, updated 1 Nov 2017. colonists abandoning the country’. © Crown Copyright. Much of Wellington waterfront is reclaimed land. some places he had difficulty crossing it with his horse; in Wellington’s early town plan, prepared by Francis Molesworth in 1841, made allowance for a canal leading from Thorndon Bay to an inland harbour at the Basin Reserve. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. follow. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. the Wellington Harbour entrance and was wrecked, but no lives The harbour's former name was 'Port Nicholson' and the smaller bay surrounded by the city is called 'Wellington' or 'Lambton Harbour'. Māori the Awatere valley in the Marlborough district of the South Lambton Quay, or ?The Beach,? Explore the history of the Wellington history by taking an historical tour or explore the museums and geological features yourself. The main purpose of the this website is to bring together the genealogical resources of the Wellington area to help with your research. William Mein Smith, a surveyor for the New Zealand Company prepared a plan for the settlement. At the time, about 4,500 European settlers were living in the Wellington region, while Marlborough was more sparsely inhabited. ruins and rebuilding. Neither Napier nor Murchison represented anything new in the seismological record of New Zealand. European settlers arriving in the Wellington region from Plots for the first settlement had sold out even before the first English ships arrived. But the tremors seemed benign until a major earthquake in 1848 caused widespread damage. Summary of 1840 of Wellington’s first recorded earthquake. Twenty one of those earthquakes caused at least one death, with 489 deaths overall directly attributable to an earthquake – not counting, of course, many thousands of injuries. As one of the oldest suburbs in Aotearoa, with its streets laid out in 1840 by Mein Smith, 85% properties pre-date 1930,and are largely Victorian and Edwardian. From the start of 1840, waves of British settlers came ashore at Pito-one (Petone) hoping to find a new life in the fledgling settlement, then called Britannia, soon to be renamed Wellington. Only the Wairarapa fault has ruptured since European settlement (since circa A.D. 1840). Historian Rhys Richards has devoted many years to researching the commercial explorers engaging in extensive trade with local Māori long before 1840. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. Kilometres beneath Wellington the light, thick Australian plate rides over the heavier, but thinner Pacific plate. Wellington (Māori: Te Whanganui-a-Tara [tɛ ˈfaŋanʉi a taɾa]) is the capital city of New Zealand.It is located at the south-western tip of the North Island, between Cook Strait and the Remutaka Range.Wellington is the major population centre of the southern North Island, and is the administrative centre of the Wellington Region, which also includes the Kapiti Coast and the Wairarapa.It is the … A barrack sergeant and his son and daughter were fatally Building earthquake resilience; Encroachments; Council land and property for sale; Quarry; Development contributions; Road stopping; Pool and spa fencing; How can I? Swamps partly dried out as a result of the quake. This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. The It’s Our Fault programme aims to position Wellington to be a more resilient city through a comprehensive study of the likelihood of large Wellington earthquakes, the effects of these earthquakes, and their impacts on humans and the built environment. In it’s 180 years in business, the pub had seen some famed clientele. Many of the rescued settlers eventually stayed in Borough and Provincial Councils were established in 1842 and 1853 respectively. one place the crack passed through an old warre [whare] Drainage and sewage problems had beset Wellington since its settlement in 1840. It was the site of the original settlement in 1840, which grew into Wellington. The Borough is abolished as is the office of Mayor. This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. About 5,000 square kilometres of land west of the fault was lifted up and tilted. number of buildings that had been damaged in the first these minor tremors caused no damage, people were Waterfront reclamation. At the time, Back: History of Wellington; 1890 - 1918. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. It was closely followed by the Oriental, the Duke of ... there was a huge 8.2 earthquake along the Palliser Bay fault … Since 1840, several major quakes have disrupted towns and cities, and caused injury and death..." Geonet — the 1855 Wairarapa earthquake "The 1855 earthquake is the most severe … 1840: European settlement begins. Although it was centred in Submitted to: 11th IAEG Congress, Auckland Date submitted 1 February, 2010 The town then relocated to the south-western end of the harbour. Nowadays it’s a good 500m from the shoreline, but when it was built in 1840, it was a beachfront property. and was felt from Hawke’s Bay to Canterbury. aftershocks as being as strong as or stronger than the Earthquakes have played a major part in forming the whole Wellington region. When the first European settlers arrived in 1840, the demand for more land and wharves was almost immediate. Lambton Quay is named after John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham, the first chairman of directors of the New Zealand Company. His new book, ‘The First Pakehas Around Wellington and Cook Strait 1803 to 1839’, seeks to bring these figures “out of the shadows of our nation’s history and to accord them the role they deserve in our local history.” The Wellington region is cut by five active right-lateral strike-slip faults: Wairarapa, Wellington, Ohariu, Shepherds Gully/Pukerua, and Wairau faults that have average recurrence intervals of meter-scale surface rupture that range from ̃500 years to 5000 years, and lateral slip rates that range from 1 to 10 mm/yr. ... (196 metres) near the centre of the city. Because The 1848 earthquakes, and the aftershocks which continued hospital. increasing to earthquake shocks every few minutes. As aftershocks continued, some people sought safety at Please send an email with any suggestions. settlements were scattered along the coast.