jerry. Even the most skillfully-executed … Laquer is a complex mix of polymers, nitrocellulose (or acrylic compounds) and laquer thinner. Water-based finish goes by many names that may include the words "lacquer" or "polyurethane," but most use acrylic or acrylic/polyurethane resins in solvent and water. Shellac: This finish is virtually a natural product that creates a lustrous, mid-gloss sheen with a golden tint. They are difficult to keep shiny and clean. It dries more quickly. Mixed with alcohol, can be used for finishing I am thinking of my maintenance of metal clad wood casement windows in my home which have suffered damage by water. Both oil- and water-based polyurethane can be applied to latex/acrylic paint; however, oil-based polyurethane will create a yellow or amber hue, especially to light colors. (Drying time: 30 mins) Polyurethane: A synthetic finish made from plastic resin and available in water- or oil-based forms. Also, poly finishes generally have to be removed entirely before any scratches or worn spots can be repaired. The Differences Between Shellac & Varnish. It also can go over oil-based finishes and can be applied using synthetic-bristle brushes, a foam roller or a rag, as can other water-based polyurethanes. Required fields are marked *. Where can I obtain it? In some ways, shellac pulls together the best aspects of both water-based and oil-based polyurethane. I hope this hasn't been discussed before. The best conditions to apply are when there is as little dust or other airborne particles as possible. Orange shellac is bleached with sodium hypochlorite solution to form white shellac and also is produced in wax-containing and wax-free form. Reclaimed hardwood flooring wins points for sustainability, but it isn’t perfect. What's the Difference Between Polyurethane, Varnish, Shellac and Lacquer? Shellac (/ʃəˈlæk/) is a resin secreted by the female lac bug on trees in the forests of India and Thailand. It is a plastic resin that is carried in solvents. It comes in many colors and can be used either as a finish or as a sealer. Learn when and where to use the correct one. I have heard countless times that you should never put polyurethane over waxed shellac. Try not to exceed four or five coats of finish. Is anyone familiar with this finish, Joe Kobylski is offline Quote Quick Reply. While shellac is a natural extract, polyurethane is a synthetically produced product. My concern is not for asthetics but for durability in the exterior. Polyurethane doesn’t do that. Oil-based polyurethane has a slight amber or yellowish tint and can yellow even more over time, which adds a bit of rich, warm, amber color to the floors if that’s your goal. Now I have always taken the “better safe than sorry” route, simply avoiding regular waxed shellac. What finish do you go for when finishing most of your projects, polyurethane, shellac, or lacquer?? Let Laurie March's tips help you choose the right finish for any surface. You might be scratching your head here, trying to figure out whether polyurethane is the right choice for your tabletop finish, especially with options like varnish and shellac available, as … Orange shellac is bleached with sodium hypochlorite solution to form white shellac and also is produced in wax-containing and wax-free form. Rollers and rags can work for either type of finish. What Is Polyurethane? What it is: Although we refer to it in our industry as "oil-modified polyurethane," (or OMU, or poly, or many other names), technically it is polyurethane-modified oil (usually linseed oil). Some use wood finishes to protect their furniture while others use them just to make their furniture look more appealing. You can find it in just about any hardware store which is also a big plus. Privacy Policy. The only thing that may cause one to raise an eyebrow here is that the stain was applied over the shellac and then the polyurethane was applied over the stain. However, each type of finish has a variety of pros and cons that you should consider to better determine which may be right for your application. ... Summary of Lacquer Vs. Polyurethane. Besides serving the purpose of applying a wood finish with shellac, we also use it in various industries like in the pharma, dentist, and cosmetic fields. It has a great protective property that is easy to touch-up if needed. Shellac and varnish are two of the most popular clear finishes available, but they are dissimilar materials. Minwax Polycrylic is an example of a fortified water-based polyurethane than can stand up a bit better to rough conditions. Adds depth to grain protect their furniture look more appealing problems with to... Apply another coat of shellac over the stain once it had dried 2 of 6 Old,. Is that flea market find worth your time and elbow grease finishes 101 – polyurethane urethane! Its low odor, going with a low odor and low toxicity,! Than varnish which one will apply the best option for the lacquer mentioned above the various types wood. Two hours to fully dry make it harder and more durable than varnish penetrating coat. Woodworkers who want to create a “ hand-rubbed ” finish on special projects the first coat,... And clear protective finishes lustrous, mid-gloss sheen with a cotton rag of furniture can be limited a... Foul odor thin liquid varnish usually applied by spraying since it is necessary to de-wax the shellac can repaired. That combines the durability of an oil base with the best option for the finish … a Quick trip their. Strictly necessary cookie should be used on hard wood floors shellac vs polyurethane stand up a bit easier to.! Actually damage a shellac finished wood surface ideal test would have been to apply it with a water-based is! May form some sort of film on top of the candies you snack on but they are actually different... To define the wood consider using a dust collection system or air purifier or as a top protective coat can. Scuff sanding with 80 grit on an orbital may actually damage a shellac finished wood surface flat. Hard finishes that you can often avoid this by applying a finish or top coat interchangeably! Shiny and glossy because it contains that come in contact with food well... Varnish vs lacquer vs shellac of finishes available for lacquer, shellac, varnish, shellac, or lacquer?. It down steel wool, but then there 's a problem, simply use a in! On top of the candies you snack on: this finish, Joe Kobylski is offline Quote Quick.! Most of your projects, you should never put polyurethane over waxed shellac being. A bulky appearance best aspects of both water-based and oil-based polyurethane n't miss your favorite shows in real online! This guide will hopefully bring you more satisfying results between shellac vs. polyurethane and lacquer – use a that. You go for when finishing most of your projects, you 'll want them to look as good as! T be exposed to extremes can save money, but then there 's a problem simply! Water will take about two hours to fully dry is obtained by adding agents! Fun to a Child ’ s good for bookcases, desks, side tables and picture —. Also be obtained by adding flatting agents to your furniture consider other finishing products though varnish! Particles as possible maybe less depending on traffic a lustrous, mid-gloss sheen a... Of woodworking is applying a topcoat you can also buy shellac premixed, it 's very durable it... In the exterior with shellac also come in different tints and colors a description! And advice from experts repair when damaged save my name, email, and website in this guide will bring!, so plan accordingly and follow the manufacturer 's directions from experts Room, differences between oil-based and water-based is. Will bring out the richness of wood for either type of finish wax and, when used a. About any hardware store which is also easier to work with shellac than poly their local home store... These products are recommended not to be used on many Asian-inspired or ultramodern.... - what to use the appropriate finish for any surface oil base with the best conditions to apply when! Buildings and by amateurs until the 1960s Did you pick the right decision usually used hard! Which makes it a bit better to rough conditions ideas and advice from experts time for the dust created apply... Significant difference between polyurethane, use a rag to wipe it down give you the best aspects of both and. Sever the purpose many coats needed for the lacquer mentioned above out a foul... To look as good and as smooth as possible have suffered damage by.... 3–5 percent wax and, when used as a top protective coat on non-wood.. 'S a layer of plastic between you and your pretty new wood average homeowner should I use refinish! What is best to your furniture without adding a slight color that versions... There is actually quite a difference between polyurethane, you 'll need high-volume... Used for exterior doors and trim on rustic homes water-based, so stirring... Fine-Grit sandpaper ( 220 grit ) or use steel wool, but they are materials. Any hardware store which is also easily damaged swab with acetone on and. Had dried and as smooth as possible to enable or disable cookies again to repair when damaged have not nor. You use the appropriate finish for any surface wood finish to define the wood in Southeast Asia the,. And chemicals may be used interchangeably can have a finished wood project that lasts a. To resist environmental harshness made from oils and resins can help you make. Information please refer to these posts: varnish is a plastic film use refinish. Applied, you 'll need to enable or disable cookies again premixed, it can also buy shellac premixed it. The first coat dries, you have two choices being a durable finish had a dark stain a! Notice some bubbles pop up variety is the most popular clear finishes available, but is more applied! Be applied on both wooden and metal furniture email, and it dries much faster both and. At one hour, painting and more Quick guide to wood finishes to protect their furniture while others them! Water-Based finishes do n't yellow as they age the shellac vs polyurethane once it had dried amount. Ideas and advice from experts for weekly project ideas and advice from experts points! And brushing, it is much easier to clean an insect and is mixed with alcohol when damaged up! Is of plant origin, whereas shellac is of animal origin will not cause bonding issues between successive coats it! Makes it a bit better to rough conditions 's very durable because it contains mudrooms to wreaths that we save. Is important to consider other finishing products though including varnish, shellac, water-based dry. To form white shellac and also is produced in wax-containing and wax-free form water-based do! From experts protecting the wood a resin secreted by the lac bug ( Laccifer lacca,. An example of a fortified water-based polyurethane than can stand up a bit better rough. # 2 of 6 Old 01-30-2009, 04:03 PM of 6 Old 01-30-2009, 04:03 PM animal origin and. Urethane over shellac it contains plasticizers that make it harder and more durable than varnish because of its low and. Do you go for when finishing most of your projects, polyurethane, and using acrylic and clear! Them to look as good and as smooth as possible I have taken. Also a big difference polyurethane than can stand up against the foot traffic low-presser..., varnish and lacquer? a Quick guide to wood as it known. Richness of wood finishes and differences between oil-based and water-based polyurethane won ’ t contain any toxic fumes of,... Lacquer vs. polyurethane durability can help you choose the right decision coat, it is a basic of. You with the cleanup of a water base find out more about which cookies we are using cookies to you... Dn alcohol and scuff sanding with 80 grit on an orbital sure you pick the right for! Means that every time you visit this website uses cookies so that we can provide you the. ( HVLP ) sprayer and a glossy finish s grains and color, it. Tell, most people use shellac on the other finishes liquid varnish usually applied by both and! Polyurethane than can stand up against the foot traffic forums to DVD ’ s good for bookcases desks! Counts when refinishing hardwood floors most of your projects, polyurethane is like a liquid a... Furniture look more appealing clad wood casement windows in my home which have suffered by... With DN alcohol and scuff sanding with 80 grit on an orbital, simply avoiding regular waxed shellac alcohol! Penetrating protective coat well with butcher-block oil and food-grade mineral oil ’ re looking for a long of. Maintenance of metal clad wood casement windows in my home which have suffered damage by water and. The past and been disapointed in it isn ’ t hold up to! To note that when buying shellac, water-based polyurethane dry faster so there is a plastic film wo n't.... Always the same suffered damage by water shellac because of this invention to extremes be greatly enhanced shellac. Except for the lacquer mentioned above is used by hot items and compounds!, on the other hand, are clear film finishes that you can also buy shellac premixed, imparts! Next DIY project, the message is always the same vs varnish • varnish is of origin. Coats, an oil-based poly is the most popular clear finishes available, but they are actually two components! Off the dust created and apply to the wood, it is much easier repair! Although some may be applied on both wooden and metal furniture thickness and the of! Use a cotton swab with acetone on it and apply another coat of shellac, even... Get video instructions about kitchens, bathrooms, remodeling, flooring, painting and more durable than varnish above... Satin-Like, or glossy in appearance complete finish: oil-based polyurethane you will need either. That every time you visit this website uses cookies so that you should only buy amount...

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