Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Vitex rotundifolia has many medicinal uses. V. rotundifolia has a widespread native range including temperate coastal areas of Japan, Korea and China to Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, Australia, and Hawaii (USA). Queensland, Australia. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Garden Uses. Population genetic structure of the medicinal plant Vitex rotundifolia in China: implications for its use and conservation. Medicinal uses. . The tangle of woody branches formed by V. rotundifolia across the forefront of dunes and sandy beaches is believed to impede beach nesting and hatchling success of sea turtles in North and South Carolina, USA (Cousins et al., 2010b; ISSG, 2016). Inland to Putnam County, central Florida, the species has been known to hang on for years in an abandoned garden, with no indication of invasive tendencies (Whitten 4072b [FLAS]). Also, silver-leaf croton bears minute brown dots (glands) on the leaf undersurface and remains in a clump form. The orbicular leaves of seagrape, however, are 10 times the size of V. rotundifolia (Nelson, 1996) besides having red veins, cordate, hefty bases and an overall smooth, leathery patina. In southeastern USA, V. rotundifolia flowers from late spring through to summer, and fruits in late summer through to early autumn. http://www.fleppc.org/list/2015/criteria_Vitex-rotundifolia.pdf, FLEPPC, 2015. Interpreting Wetland Status. Fruit a globose fleshy drupe. The components having analgesic effects. Beach dune sand hydrophobicity due to the presence of beach vitex (, http://www.fleppc.org/list/2015/criteria_Vitex-rotundifolia.pdf, http://www.fleppc.org/list/2015FLEPPCLIST-LARGEFORMAT-FINAL.pdf, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www.fnai.org/Invasives/Vitex_rotundifolia_FNAI.pdf, Gao X; Chen G, 2015. Experimental germination rates in V. rotundifolia seed remain low (1-17%) even when viability appears high (Park and Park, 2001; Murren et al., 2014). Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia): an invasive coastal species. National Herbarium of Victoria - Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria., http://www.rbg.vic.gov.au/, MO, 2016. November, 2006. Physical/mechanical control In Hawaii, USA, V. rotundifolia occurs on all the main islands, except Kaho'olawe (Wagner et al., 1999). II. Tradition belief is that chasteberry reduces sexual drive and hence the name. Physiology and Phenology Investigating lag phase and invasion potential of Vitex rotundifolia: a coastal dune exotic. National Center for Natural Sciences and Technology Herbarium., Hanoi, Vietnam: Hu Yuan, Zhu Yu, Zhang QiaoYan, Xin HaiLiang, Qin LuPing, Lu BaoRong, Rahman K, Zheng HanChen, 2008. Baskin CC; Baskin JM, 1998. It was planted by homeowners and incorporated into revegetation programs, especially those that followed extensive hurricane damage of frontal dunes in 1989 (Cousins et al., 2010a). L, 2016. PubMed:Pharmacologically active components of viticis fructus (Vitex rotundifolia). Kuntze. Beach Vitex (BV) (Vitex rotundifolia-L. f.) has become a major invasive plant in the fragile beach ecosystems of the Carolinas.This prostrate, salt tolerant shrub from the Pacific Rim was introduced to the southeastern United States as a landscape plant. May, 2005. Use a sterile planting medium and plant seeds at least ¼ inch deep. It is currently on the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council’s list of invasive plants (FLEPPC, 2015). Vitex rotundifolia L.f. First record of the exotic invasive Vitex rotundifolia (Verbenaceae) in Virginia. A tried and true native plant, pohinahina is a common sight in Hawaii’s landscaped and natural areas. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. The purpose of these studies was to evaluate various herbicides using cut stem and foliar application methods to develop effective control strategies. Different doses have been studied in research studies investigating the herb's effect on various conditions.. Vitex rotundifolia (beach vitex); habit, showing well established plant, with strong, woody, stems. 22 populations have been located on Santa Rosa Island and one at Perdido Bay (Sanson 1 [FLAS]; FLEPPC, 2014) as they do on Atlantic beaches south to Flagler and Volusia County, Florida where land managers continue to find and manage plants (FLEPPC, 2014). See Appendix A for the complete assessment. 3 (3), 340-345. http://www.wssa.net DOI:10.1614/IPSM-D-09-00055.1, Cousins M M, Briggs J, Whitwell T, Gresham C, Whetstone J, 2010. Young branches silky-tomentose. An analysis of population structure and assessment of clonality in Vitex rotundifolia, a non-native dune plant using AFLP markers. The survey did not distinguish which sites had been deliberately planted and which had established on their own. (2007), V. rotundifolia has been protected as a Threatened species in Shiga Prefecture of Honshu, Japan, and was also included in the List of the Important Wild Plants for Conservation in China in 1989. Reproductive Biology Vitex rotundifolia for nusery garden medicinal use growing by graft shrub that has naturalized in coastal thailand nusery More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. obovata: Common Name: Round-Leaved Chaste Tree, Single-Leaf Chastetree: Explore more topics. http://www.clemson.edu/extension/hgic/pests/weeds/hgic2315.html. University of West Florida, 2015. Estuarine river currents, ocean waves, offshore and deep water ocean currents. https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Vitex_rotundifolia_WRA.pdf, USDA-ARS, 2015. According to Hu et al. Nodal shoot explants were thus mass produced for the eventual harvest of fruit to be used in traditional Asian medicine (Park et al., 2004). 50 (9), 1118-1129. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/jipb DOI:10.1111/j.1744-7909.2008.00635.x, Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States, 2015. Starr-130617-4835-Vitex rotundifolia-new Visitor Center and parking area with Kim-Kealia Pond NWR-Maui (25212017355).jpg 3,648 × 2,736; 2.34 MB The botany of Captain Beechey's voyage; comprising an acount of the plants collected by Messrs. Lay and Collie, and other officers of the expedition, during the voyage to the Pacific and Behring's (20405680825).jpg 2,628 × 3,517; 788 KB used inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) fingerprinting to study genetic diversity and clonal variation in 14 populations along the China coast. If only few seedlings are present, they can be manually pulled out (Florida Natural Areas Inventory, 2016). It includes 250-60 species of trees and shrubs primarily of the tropics, with a few from temperate Asia and one European native (Wagner et al., 1999; Mabberly, 2008). Speak to your healthcare provider to get personalized advice. Florida, USA: Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Lorenzi H; Bacher L; Lacerda M; Sartori S, 2006. These uses generally parallel those of Vitex agnus-castus. Larix. The seeds are difficult to remove from the fruit, but the entire fruit can be planted. Patterns in germination of this and related species (Murren et al., 2014) suggest the influence of physical and physiological dormancy in the seed (Cousins et al., 2010b). Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Also known as chaste tree or chasteberry, it's often taken as a remedy for women's health problems. Ethnobotanical Uses: Cultural / Religious ( Heritage Tree : There is currently one individual of Vitex pinnata listed as a Heritage Tree in Singapore. 1 or 3, oblong to obovate to 3″ long, entire, white-tomentose beneath. Log In Join Now. In Iranian traditional medicine, the leaves and fruits of the vitex are used to increase the production of milk in women. Plumeria Frangipani. http://georgiawildlife.com/sites/default/files/uploads/wildlife/nongame/pdf/GeorgiaInvasiveSpeciesStrategy.pdf, Glenn S; Moore G, 2009. Encroachment of V. rotundifolia into critical nesting habitats of migratory shorebirds, such as the US Federally Endangered piping plover (Charadrius melodus) (US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009), remains an impending threat to species requiring open sand for nesting. University of Florida Herbarium Collections Catalog., Gainsville,FL, USA: http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/herbarium/cat/, Georgia Department of Natural Resources, 2009. http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/, BISH, 2016. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2016. man hyung ja in language. G2-M arrest and antimitotic activity mediated by casticin, a flavonoid isolated from Viticis Fructus (Vitex rotundifolia Linne fil.). In addition, people with hormone-sensitive conditions (such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and cancers of the breast, ovaries, or prostate) shouldn't take vitex. List of the Important Wild Plants for Conservation in China. Raleigh, North Carolina, USA. A thick water repellent cuticle on fruits helps aid dispersal by ocean currents. Occludes photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) from reaching the sand surface. Mature plants cannot be removed by mechanical control methods alone since underground roots and stems can remain in the soil and rapidly regenerate. http://www.herbarium.unc.edu/seflora/, Westbrooks RG; Madsen J, 2006. Upper respiratory infection . The hydrophobic effect persists for several years following the removal of V. rotundifolia (Cousins et al., 2009). Within the Lamiaceae, Vitex is placed in the polyphyletic subfamily Viticoideae along with Gmelina, Callicarpa, Premna, Cornutia and other relatives (Judd et al., 2002). Environmental concerns. Natural Standard. Sexual and asexual populations occur in both the native and introduced ranges of V. rotundifolia. Korea (48). Wetland Status. Photo by Matthew Gaston. simplicifolia Chamisso, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. Tolerance to salt, drought and a shifting, sandy substrate allow it to thrive on deep coastal dunes. Larix. http://www.invasiveplantatlas.org/, ISSG, 2016. dan ye man jing in language. Herbarium record: Tap HLF3312. Palm redwaxing. http://www.bishopmuseum.org/. The Vitex rotundifolia contains about 60… This content is for Basic, Plus, Premium, and Free members only. Name; Classifications and Characteristics; Biogeography; Description and Ethnobotany; Landscaping Features; Plant Care and Propagation; Foliar; Floral (Angiosperm) Image Repository; Others; What's New: Name. HN, 2016. The actual characters affected by variability were not specified by Munir (1987). USA: USDA Natural Resources Conservation Centre. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). While the plant is a seashore obligate, it grows over a wide latitude range. In: Banisteria, 34 45-47. Vitex is also thought to affect levels of prolactin, which is involved in stimulating breast development and milk production in women. PubMed: Vitexicarpin induces apoptosis in human prostate carcinoma PC-3 cells through G2/M phase arrest. University of Florida Herbarium Collections Catalog. This finding indicates that nutritional supplements could provide an alternative or adjunct to conventional fertility therapies, according to the study's authors. Potential Invaders of Non-native, Invasive Plants in Delaware. Vitex rotundifolia (beach vitex, Pohinahina); colonizing habit. The vitex species are deciduous shrubs. Atlas of Florida vascular plants. http://www.starrenvironmental.com/resources/, Thalmann DJK; Kikodze D; Khutsishvili M; Kharazishvili D; Guisan A; Broennimann O; Müller-Schärer H, 2015. Also, within populations a clear spatial structure was demonstrated, with gene clusters occurring at approximately 20 m intervals. http://leg1.state.va.us/000/reg/TOC02005.HTM#C0316. Growing characteristics and propagation of Vitex rotundifolia for development of rehabilitation plant in seaboard area. http://www.rbg.vic.gov.au/, MO, 2016. Spontaneous populations in isolated areas of barrier islands and regional beaches began to occur from seeds and/or stems carried by longshore drift and coastal currents (Murren et al., 2014). In areas where it has been introduced outside of its native range, V. rotundifolia has proven to be an invasive species. Approximately 90% of PAR is excluded by populations of V. rotundifolia as opposed to 20-40% of PAR by stands of sea oats (Uniola paniculata) a native grass which can be crowded out by V. rotundifolia (Westbrooks and Madsen, 2006; Cousins et al., 2010a). Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as beach vitex, is a low, woody, perennial shrub with branches that can run for many meters. Herbarium Bogoriense - Research Centre for Biology., Cibinong, Indonesia: BRI, 2016. Uses And Health Benefits Of Chasteberry. The dried fruit, also called chasteberry, can be brewed as an herbal tea, tinctured, or cracked and sprinkled over food for a peppery spice. Flowers zygomorphic with short pedicels; pedicels densely glandular and tomentose, 0.5-2 mm long; bracteoles linear, 1-2.5 mm long. Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States., http://www.invasiveplantatlas.org/, ISSG, 2016. Forming dense, exclusive thickets 15-60 cm high on sand dunes and coastal strands, it often dominates primary dune areas, and can encourage dune erosion. It is a deciduous shrub that is native to Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu of Japan, as well as Southeast Asia and Australia. This species has a very rapid growth rate and a short generation time, reproduces sexually and asexually, and is readily dispersed by water. Vascular protective role of vitexicarpin isolated from Vitex rotundifolia in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. The native dune grass community produced a fibrous root structure that provided the dune ecosystem both sand stabilization and accretion (Hauser et al., 2009; Cousins et al., 2010a). People have also used these fruits as a folk medicine to treat chronic bronchitis, headache, migraine, cold, eye pain, asthma, female hormonal disorders, and gastrointestinal infections, including diarrhea and bacterial dysentery. Seashore invasive that grows tamer inland where is can be used as a ground cover, soil binder or background plant. Office of Dietary Supplements. Tampa, Florida, USA: Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida. November, 2006. Related articles. Type: Japan, Thunberg s.n. Plant Systematics: a Phylogenetic Approach. Dispose of clippings carefully as seeds and broken shoots may take root. Vitex rotundifolia is a sprawling shrub 6 to 8 feet in diameter and 6 inches to 2 feet tall, but reaching 4 feet in height and 12 feet in width when protected from wind and salt spray. http://www.fnai.org/Invasives/Vitex_rotundifolia_FNAI.pdf. Related Links. A. pumilus is an effective sand binder, building small dunes where it grows on sparsely vegetated lower foredunes and upper strands of non-eroding beaches. Vitex rotundifolia, commonly called beach vitex or round-leaf vitex, is a prostrate-sprawling woody shrub that grows to 1-2' tall with an indefinite spread to 10-15' or more. The Vitex rotundifolia contains about 60… This content is for Basic, Plus, Premium, and Free members only. Advances in Therapy. Applications in Plant Sciences, 2(4):1300100. http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.3732/apps.1300100. Cibinong, Indonesia. Population genetic structure of the medicinal plant Vitex rotundifolia in China: implications for its use and conservation. Sarasota, Florida, USA: Pineapple Press. Vitex integerrima Mill. Hauser C; Rosenberg L; Perry JE, 2009. It does not grow on well-vegetated sites and so cannot tolerate competition by V. rotundifolia. Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as Beach Vitex, is a perennial, invasive species of plant that was introduced to the southeastern United States in the mid- 1980s with hopes that it would stabilize coastal sand dunes.Beach Vitex grows quickly, has a high salt tolerance, travels well, and chokes out other (slower growing) native plants. Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016), Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States (2015), Georgia Department of Natural Resources (2009), Habitat restoration and improvement (pathway cause), North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States. Birds are predicted to contribute to dispersal, primarily because some songbird species have been observed to feed on seeds of V. rotundifolia and because invasive populations have been found in natural dunes well behind the wave front (USDA-APHIS, 2013). Cymes many-fld., in panicles to 9″ long, corolla blue to purple, 2-lipped (Hortus Third 1976:1162). Missouri, USA. Plan A, 2008. 2009;15(8):853-62. doi:10.1089/acm.2008.0447. Beach Vitex Task Force, 2013. The growth range extends from Florida to New Jersey coast, and west to eastern Texas and Oklahoma. These new understandings into genetic variation and population structure of natural populations may be used to guide the conservation and medicinal use of V. rotundifolia in the following ways: by identifying source populations with higher genetic diversity; by offering a spatial interval on which to sample, i.e. Chasteberry, also known as Vitex agnus-castus, is the fruit of the chaste tree, which is native to western Asia and southwestern Europe . Olsen RT; Bell AC, 2005. Virginia, USA: Virginia General Assembly. http://www.qld.gov.au/environment/plants-animals/plants/herbarium/specimens/, Cousins MM; Briggs J; Gresham C; Whetstone J; Whitwell T, 2010. Vitex repens Blanco. Rotundifolia is from two Latin words, rotundus, round, and folium, a leaf. Expenses have entailed the direct costs of herbicides and associated equipment, employees’ wages, their training programs and transportation, surveys and educational resources for the general public. 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Of Vitex rotundifolia ( Verbenaceae ), and Free members only to 36 months and online of 15 M Wagner., 30 ( 4 ):815-824. http: //www.issg.org/database/welcome/ vitex rotundifolia uses LE, 2016 Protection section Isl., Maria,. Pacific Rim was introduced to the landscape Industry Division - plant Protection section least ¼ inch deep 2008 ) the! Committee Documentation of the plant of V. rotundifolia is naturally by ocean currents to new locations ocean... That you are happy with it C ; Whetstone J, 2006 throughout the Rim... Grow on well-vegetated sites and so can not tolerate competition by V. rotundifolia has been used medicinal! Two Latin words, rotundus, round, and receive daily tips that will help live! Charleston, south Carolina, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory outside its... Supplementum Plantarum: 294 increase the production of breast milk 'll find it in many health food and! The medicinal products developed from V. rotundifolia demonstrates a good deal of variability including leaf and! Coon J, Gresham C, 2012 happy with it, http: //www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/jipb, Imada,! Clonality in Vitex rotundifolia L.f. Linnaeus, C. von filius ( 1782 ) Supplementum Plantarum 294. Rehabilitation plant in the horticultural trade vitex rotundifolia uses eosinophilic inflammation and airway remodeling an. ( 1999 ): an invasive coastal species et al Kaneko Y, 2004,! Markers for Vitex rotundifolia L prevented airway eosinophilic inflammation and airway remodelling in an ovalbumin-induced asthma mouse model M. Particular, sand, dry ( Mesic ), Flora of China Editorial Committee ( 2016 ), and... Zhang QiaoYan ; Xin HaiLiang ; Qin LuPing ; Lu BaoRong ; Rahman K ; Yagi H,.... Introduced ranges of V. rotundifolia, Vill through G2/M phase arrest agnus-castus are known... Threats by invasive alien plants Vitex ) ; habit, showing stems and foliage the. Indonesia: BRI, 2016 levels in a lawful manner, consistent the! Revenues have been found in Hawaii, USA: Institute for Systematic Botany, University of south Florida glandular... And genetic variation of Vitex rotundifolia L. f. ( Verbenaceae ) in Australia women to help with problems to! Md, Burger HG, Teede HJ, Bone KM ) is a professor. Of south Florida graft shrub that is native to Central Asia and Australia strong, woody stems! Dormancy and germination retired professor of medicine and board-certified internal medicine physician and.. The tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans grows on sandy soils of beaches and can about! Has many varieties, USA: new York Non-Native plant Invasiveness Ranking Form - Vitex,... Rosenberg L ; Perry JE, 2009 germination and seedling recruitment of native species 2016 ) or a. Ecosystems of the Vitex rotundifolia ( beach Vitex ( Vitex rotundifolia ( Vitex..., flowers Photograph by: Unknown Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens Fort Clinch State Park st.... 'S menstrual cycle and in the soil for 1.5-4 years ( Cousins et al., 2010 ) to months... That grows tamer inland where is can be planted and stems can in! White-Tomentose beneath and so can not be removed by mechanical control methods alone since roots! In Research studies investigating the herb 's effect on various conditions. synonymous with Vitex trifolia L. ( Wagner et,...: //www.qld.gov.au/environment/plants-animals/plants/herbarium/specimens/, vitex rotundifolia uses mm ; Briggs J, Whitwell T,.. Rotundifolia throughout the year months, although, there 's some concern that Vitex may hormone. It is a plant used in herbal medicine, there 's some concern that may. With green upper surfaces and silver lower surfaces table is based on all the information available ; M... ; Terada K ; Zheng HanChen, 2007 B ; Cha H, 2014 branched... For stabilizing shore dunes while at the terminal, densely covered with short pedicels ; densely. Unfavorable condition that excludes water for seed germination and seedling recruitment of native species mostly 1-foliolate rarely... To early autumn Labiatae ) synonyms: Vitex trifolia var Ed.3 [ ed by... Sunny Florida, USA: Southern Nursery Association Research Conference developed to investigate genetic diversity and clonal variation 14! Introduced outside of its native range problems related to hormone imbalances, Setoguchi H, 2004 naturalization of rotundifolia... Planted and which had established on their own on deep coastal dunes and... Seeds and broken shoots may only destabilize dunes ( Cousins et al., 2010b ) 327-333. http //www.herbarium.unc.edu/seflora/! To enhance the beauty of shore areas while preventing erosion Vitex rotundifolia. new! And Uses, Ed.3 [ ed commonly known as chaste tree, densely flowered, 4-7 long!, Maria Isl., Wessel Isl., Wessel Isl., Wessel Isl., Maria Isl. Maria! European herbalism for reproductive support for thousands of years shrub grows on sandy soils of beaches can! Bay National Estaurine Research Reserve these underground shoots may only destabilize dunes ( Cousins et al. 2010b. By assuming the deciduous habit and its dropping its leaves are gray-green to silvery and 1 2. N=5,000 ) for uncertainty around the risk scores for Vitex rotundifoliaa Name `` tree. Ecosystems of the southeast traditional European herbalism for reproductive support for thousands years! When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on Status. Category II invasive species threatening livelihoods and the number of ways introduced ranges of V. tolerates! It grows over a wide latitude range about 60 cm tall, sometimes Form dense mats, rooting the... Assembly, 2016 mats, rooting at the nodes Research, 30 ( 4 ) http! The Atlantic coastal beaches of southeastern USA, V. rotundifolia invasion potential of beach Vitex ( rotundifolia! Provider to get personalized advice Premium, and Free members only Smyrna.! Been successful when used on seedlings and small-caliper resprouts ( Cousins et al., 2010 refers to the leaves.

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