On account of the devastating impact of smoking on COVID-19, the WHO has put out a scientific brief based on a review of 32 studies. Egbe CO, Londani M, Parry CD, et al. This is a list of smoking bans by country.Smoking bans are public policies, including criminal laws and occupational safety and health regulations, which prohibit tobacco smoking in workplaces and/or other public spaces.Legislation may also, in some cases, restrict the carrying or possessing of any lit tobacco … Coronavirus: Which countries have banned alcohol during lockdown? A systematic review of five Chinese studies published in Tobacco Induced Diseases, found that the odds of a COVID-19 case becoming more severe and leading to death are higher among people with a history of smoking4. For Botswana the day is particularly poignant. Nigeria had banned entry to citizens of 13 countries who have all reported more than 1000 cases, including the US, UK, Italy, Spain, Germany, Norway and the Netherlands. During the lockdown only essential goods have been allowed on sale2. Tobacco association fired-up over cigarette ban Wednesday 22 April 2020 - 2:37pm A tobacco association is planning to go to court to challenge the ban on cigarette sales during … According to the estimates by the World Health Organisation (WHO), Africa is one of two regions – along with the Eastern Mediterranean region – where smoking rates are on the rise. South Africa Demographic and Health Survey 2016. BusinessTech. 2019;19(1):1684. doi:10.1186/s12889-019-8047-8. The National Council Against Smoking’s quitline (011 720 3145), online materials (https://www.againstsmoking.co.za/) and the Cancer Association of South Africa’s online quit tobacco program (https://www.ekickbutt.org.za/) are some good resources accessible to tobacco users to help them quit. These actions disregard existing law prohibiting the advertising and promotion of tobacco products in Botswana. As COVID-19 is primarily a disease affecting the respiratory system, smokers are therefore more vulnerable. Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none was reported. A second reason to support the ban on the sale of tobacco products is related to the health impact of Covid-19 and the disease progression and impact on treatment seen in smokers in other countries. The justifications behind the bans should be used in other countries to encourage smokers to quit. The ban on the sale of tobacco products and any calls by governments for smokers to quit during the COVID-19 pandemic need to be accompanied by initiatives that aid smokers in this course of action. The company questions the government’s reasoning behind the tobacco ban based on their observations that countries such as the UK, Canada, France, Germany, and Italy, to name a few, have allowed the sale of tobacco products during lockdown. The WHO advises governments to support users wanting to quit. The government has received criticism from some pro-tobacco advocates and academics for the sales ban on tobacco products and alcohol during the lockdown10, but this move is heroic and should be viewed as taking a double shot at protecting citizens from COVID-19, given the vulnerability of many South Africans to the disease. Banning alcohol during lockdown has happened in some places across the globe including the capital of Greenland, Nuuk, Aisne in France and even South Africa. SA has one of the highest prevalence of tobacco product use in Africa5 and presently has the highest number of COVID-19 cases in the continent, putting the country at risk of being hard hit by the COVID-19 pandemic if nothing is done to curb the spread of the virus and protect vulnerable citizens. The money is going directly into the pocket of criminals," a South Africa anti-crime campaigner says. The ban on cigarette sales, which came in on 27 March, has been lifted South Africa has announced an easing of some lockdown restrictions beginning next month, citing economic concerns. In addition, resources to help tobacco users quit, or assist them to cope with withdrawals, should be made available and accessible. "Indications are that the ban on the sale of tobacco products will be extended beyond Level 4 of lockdown and into Level 1," he warned. Cigarette smoking affects both smokers and those exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS)8. 2020;110(5):339-340. doi:10.7196/SAMJ.2020.v110i5.14739. Letter to the ditor. Such strategies will counter the tobacco industry’s strategies to negate government tobacco control efforts. For Botswana the day is particularly poignant. The country has banned imports and sales of tobacco or tobacco-related products along with other emergency regulations during the country’s declared six-month state of public emergency. Copyright © 2010–2020, The Conversation US, Inc. Christian Ohde/McPhoto/ullstein bild via Getty Images, 27% of males and 9% of females currently use tobacco. Brathwaite R, Addo J, Smeeth L, Lock K. A Systematic Review of Tobacco Smoking Prevalence and Description of Tobacco Control Strategies in Sub-Saharan African Countries; 2007 to 2014. Last month, Saudi Arabia banned smokingin government spaces and several public places, including supermarkets, coffee shops and restaurants and prohibits selling tobacco to … Dear Editor, South Africa (SA) imposed a 21-day lockdown from 26 March to 16 April 2020, through the disaster management Act (57/2002) and amended regulations [Section 27(2)]1, to contain the spread of the coronavirus in the country. During the lockdown ban, family members and neighbors in apartment complexes who share the same space with tobacco users will also be protected from exposure to SHS since people are not expected to go outside their building to smoke during the lockdown. Tobacco and nicotine products were designated as non-essential goods and their sales prohibited. Health Sciences University, Covid-19. Countries should take their lead from the global health body. 2005;111(20):2684-2698. doi:10.1161/circulationaha.104.492215. Some of these are to help reduce violence against children, while South Africa have also banned smoking. smoking: Implications for smoking cessation, International Society for the Prevention of Tobacco Induced Diseases. Dear Editor, South Africa (SA) imposed a 21-day lockdown from 26 March to 16 April 2020, through the disaster management Act (57/2002) and amended regulations [Section 27(2)] 1, to contain the spread of the coronavirus in the country.During the lockdown only essential goods have been allowed on sale 2.Tobacco and nicotine products were designated as non-essential goods and their sales prohibited. Almost all countries that have implemented social lockdowns to reduce the spread of the virus have permitted the sale of tobacco products, including … Bhutan and Turkmenistan (I don’t know either, refer to Google Maps) have had a go, but the nearest to a total smoking ban in any major country in the twentieth century was one we all know. doi:10.18332/tid/119324. To the best of my knowledge Botswana and neighbouring South Africa are the only countries to have done so. Write an article and join a growing community of more than 118,600 academics and researchers from 3,811 institutions. COVID-19 does not stop good practice in smoking cessation: Safe use of CO analyzer for smokers in the Covid era, Boosting the Tobacco Control Vaccine: recognizing the role of the retail environment in addressing tobacco use and disparities, Tobacco and e-cigarette shops awarded ‘essential business’ In more than 28 countries, tobacco and e-cigarette companies have used social media and other marketing tactics to launch pandemic-themed promotions, undermine minimum age purchase restrictions meant to protect youth and make unproven and illegal health claims. Botswana needs to jump on to this opportunity. The Democratic Alliance says the ban of tobacco doesn't make sense during level three of the lockdown. When the government relaxed the lockdown slightly in … Additionally, and in line with the ideals of the 2020 World No Tobacco Day, the government of Botswana must strictly enforce the provisions of its Control of Smoking Act. COVID-19 lockdown and the tobacco product ban in South Africa. Another motivation has been the actions of tobacco companies. smoking is associated with increased severity of disease and death in hospitalised COVID-19 patients. Drug Research Unit, South Section 13 of the act bans the advertisement of tobacco products by the tobacco industry. Never before have smokers had this kind of opportunity to quit. Along with the measures to ban tobacco imports and sales, governments have the opportunity to provide smokers with treatments to help them. South Africa’s tobacco industry has warned that the national lockdown regulations banning the sale of cigarettes could turn the country’s 11-million smokers into criminals. Botswana has a very high smoking rate of 18% – 27% of males and 9% of females currently use tobacco. The ban… Bontle Mbongwe does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Since the start of June, the country has moved to a level 3 lockdown, which has opened up the economy and allowed millions of … labels in France during COVID-19, The future of sustainability in the context of COVID-19, Tobacco and COVID-19: Understanding the science and policy Smoking and COVID-19: Did we overlook representativeness? On Saturday, 21 March, it took the measure further by closing its airports to all international travel for one month. COVID-19 lockdown and the tobacco product ban in South These figures are higher than the rest of the continent, where about 14% of men and 2% of women smoke. Associate Professor, University of Botswana. South Africa’s lockdown began March 27, and the country banned the sale of cigarettes and cooked food. The capital of Greenland, Nuuk, has banned the sales of alcohol, in an attempt to reduce violence against children, which authorities feared may increase during the lockdown. Vardavas CI, Nikitara K. COVID-19 and smoking: A systematic review of the evidence. On World No Tobacco Day, they tell us how the past couple of months have made a difference What countries have banned alcohol during lockdown? The WHO’s recommendation based on the review is that given the well-established harm associated with tobacco use and second-hand smoke exposure, “tobacco users stop using tobacco”. National Department of Health (NDoH), Statistics South Africa (Stats SA), South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC), ICF. Africa. For many, the COVID-19 lockdown has been a good push to quit smoking. Recently there has been an upsurge in advertisements, especially banners posted by tobacco companies or individuals that boldly advertise and promote tobacco products in the face of COVID-19. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0132401. BMC Public Health. There was no source of funding for this research. Githahu M. Coronavirus: Economists say SA economy is in for a rough ride. 1. Tobacco use and nicotine dependence among people living with HIV who drink heavily in South Africa: a cross-sectional baseline study. But it has been eroded and has now dissolved. Council, Pretoria, South Africa, Department of Public The COVID-19 pandemic could particularly be problematic for SA given the high prevalence of diabetes, tuberculosis and HIV in the country, compounded by substance use problem even among vulnerable populations7. Cardiovascular Effects of Secondhand Smoke. Reuters Photo. Since the start of the coronavirus pandemic, the world has seen lockdowns in many countries. South African Government. 2020; Nkonki L, Fonn S. Decisive and strong leadership and intersectoral action from South Africa in response to the COVID-19 virus. A sign assures people that the bar is open during the coronavirus outbreak, outside a pub in Stockholm, Sweden. Just in: Sale of cigarettes still banned during Level 4 lockdown Having said that the sale of cigarettes would be permitted in Level 4, government have decided to maintain the ban. At a time when COVID-19 is gripping the world, the pandemic should encourage countries to kickstart programmes and policies that encourage smokers to quit. Governments should recognise this and accept that smokers need help to quit. South Africa’s lockdown rules started with high legitimacy. Tob Induc Dis. About 22% of South Africans aged ≥15 years use various tobacco products3. The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Experts have predicted that the South African economy is in for a bumpy ride and may shrink as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic9 and the associated measures that have been taken to protect citizens during this time. 1,845 confirmed coronavirus cases in South Africa, with deaths up to 18. Move to a district-based lockdown. Smart BTH, Broadbent A. South Africa’s COVID-19 lockdown: cigarettes and outdoor exercise could ease the tension. African Medical Research India and Botswana have also banned the sale of tobacco products, and several other countries are considering following suit, according to the … Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed. The imminent easing of lockdown rules in South Africa may bring no respite for smokers who’ve been contending with a tobacco sales ban for almost two months. Pretoria, South Africa, and Rockville, Maryland, USA: NDoH, Stats SA, SAMRC, and ICF; 2019. tobacco policy. Health, Sefako Makgatho Circulation. It is understandable that tobacco and nicotine product users will be dealing with the mental stress of restricted movements in addition to giving up their addictions, but of more importance is that they become aware that the lockdown ban provides a good opportunity to quit tobacco use. A country by country guide explaining who is allowed into each EU country and what they can do when they get there–many EU countries are imposing internal travel restrictions for residents. It notes that. Tobacco Induced Diseases. In recent months, the industry has stooped to new lows to target youth by exploiting the pandemic to sell more products. Catherine O. Egbe1,2, Senamile P. Ngobese1. As of 8 April 2020, SA had conducted 63776 COVID-19 tests, had 1845 confirmed cases and 18 resulting deaths6. A survey done in South Africa of how smokers are coping with the ban on cigarette sales during lockdown confirms how difficult it is for smokers once they are caught in addiction. Banning alcohol during lockdown has happened in some places across the globe including the capital of Greenland, Nuuk, Aisne in France and even South Africa. South Africa (SA) imposed a 21-day lockdown from 26 March to 16 April 2020, through the disaster management Act (57/2002) and amended regulations [Section 27(2)]1, to contain the spread of the coronavirus in the country. Pretoria, South Africa, The impact of COVID-19 on the WHO FCTC, cessation, and implications, The Social and Environmental Implications of the Novel Coronavirus on Institutional and Community Corrections in South Africa, Alcohol, Tobacco and Other 2020;18(March). The prohibition and the response have attracted global headlines. PloS One. There are also concerns about the implications on mental health when people are forced to give up their addictions during the lockdown10. The government must facilitate quitting by providing smoking cessation programmes. Interventions it recommends include toll-free quit lines, mobile text-messaging cessation programmes, nicotine replacement therapies and other approved medications. The double-edged relationship between COVID-19 stress and The association argued that Dlamini Zuma is not legally permitted to ban the sale of cigarettes during Level 4 of the lockdown. “It is surprising that South Africa has taken a different stance with an ailing economy,” Mshibe says. 2015;10(7). In late March, in the midst of the coronavirus outbreak, the South African government banned the sale of tobacco and alcohol as part of a broad … Disaster Management Act: Regulations to address, prevent and combat the spread of Coronavirus COVID-19: Amendment. "We need that money for the health system. The motivation to ban the sales of tobacco and tobacco related products in Botswana was informed by scientific evidence that smoking damages human lungs and other body organs. S Afr Med J. Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma has finally explained in detail why the sale of tobacco products was banned during the lockdown. Barnoya J, Glantz SA. The country has banned imports and sales of tobacco or tobacco-related products along with other emergency regulations during the … Amid the coronavirus outbreak, countries across the world have relied on complete or partial lockdowns as a mitigative step to control the spread of infection. The 2020 World No Tobacco Day is unique and historic as it comes at the time when countries across the world are on lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The co-use of substances, especially by persons in vulnerable groups, could increase the risk of developing complications from COVID-19 if infected. 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