It was also used to produce visions in spiritual activities because of its hallucinogenic properties. 9th ed. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. Here are some symptoms which have been noted in fatal cases of jimson weed poisoning: Weak pulse Irregular breathing Decreased body temperature Coma Retained urine Convulsions The poison is found in all parts of the plant, especially the leaves and seeds. Jimsonweed in the garden may need to be pulled by hand (wear gloves), or sprayed with an herbicide, due to the alkaloids it releases from its roots – these compounds are very dangerous to many other plants. Some horses, after sampling it, develop a taste for it and may eat enough to permanently damage their brain. Angel's trumpet; Devil's weed; Thorn apple; Tolguacha; Jamestown weed; Stinkweed; Datura; Moonflower. You can call for any reason, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. This phone call comes at least every other year: a concerned parent, friend or cousin, calls freaked out that someone they know has swallowed a lot of Datura seeds. It was used by Algonquin Indians in eastern North America, among other indigenous peoples of the Americas, as a hallucinogen and intoxicant. Siegel Anisocoria from Jimson weed Jama, 255 (1986), pp. Jimsonweed Toxic Components All parts of D. stramonium contains tropane alkaloids, tannins, saponins and cardiac glycosides. MMWR 1995; 44: 41-44 [8.] ASK EROWID ANSWERS # Are datura safe to grow around cats? U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Little to no urine production (urinary retention), Breathing support, including oxygen through a tube through the mouth into the lungs, and a breathing machine (ventilator)Â, ECG (electrocardiogram, or heart tracing), Medicines to treat symptoms, including an antidote to reverse the effects of the poison. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. All local poison control centers in the United States use this national number. Of the more than 12 species, Datura stramonium is the most common type found in the eastern United States. In fact, … Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. Other common names for this most unique plant are moon flowers, thorn apple, moon lily, moon flower, Indian apple, angel's trumpet, devil's trumpet, tolguacha, locoweed and Jimson weed… Jimson weed poisoning-Texas, New York, and California, 1994. Your local poison control center can be reached directly by calling the national toll-free Poison Help hotline (1-800-222-1222) from anywhere in the United States. URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. Jimsonweed poisoning occurs when someone sucks the juice or eats the seeds from this plant. There are 64 different types of tropane alkaloids, however the ones of main concern are atropine and scopolamine. Seek immediate medical help. Treatment with physostigmine is indicated only in … Datura is a genus of nine species of poisonous vespertine flowering plants belonging to the family Solanaceae. If the patient presents with stupor or coma, treatment may include dextrose, thiamine, naloxone, etc. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. It belongs to the nightshade family (Solanaceae) and possesses a disagreeable odor. Datura stramonium is a magical plant known by many names. A.D.A.M. In classical Greek mythology, it may well be the plant that enabled Circe to turn Odysseus’s men into pigs. Other names for the Datura plants are Jimsonweed, Moonflower, Devil’s Weed, and Devil’s Trumpet. All are belladonna alkaloids and possess strong anticholinergic/antimuscarinic properties. The treatment of choice for anticholinergic poisoning is mainly supportive care and gastrointestinal decontamination with activated charcoal. To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Management of Jimson Weed poisoning is generally conservative beginning with the usual ABC's of resuscitation. is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics. Duplication for commercial use must be authorized in writing by ADAM Health Solutions. M. [analesdepediatria.org] PREVENTION Defoliation programs are one way to decrease access to Jimson Weed. Jimsonweed is a tall herb plant. Graeme KA. Content © respective copyright holders. The risk of fatal overdose is high among uninformed users, and many hospitalizations occur among recreational users who ingest the plant for its psychoactive effects. Datura stramonium comes from the family Solanaceae, the potato or nightshade family. Most poisoning occurs when Jimson weed seeds are mixed with grain in livestock rations. You should call if you have any questions about poisoning or poison prevention. Jimsonweed (Datura stramonium), also known as Jamestown weed, is an annual plant that produces a lot of seeds and is often difficult to control. Also known as devil’s snare, it is a plant in the deadly nightshade family. Symptoms of jimsonweed poisonings can affect various body systems. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. In its wide variety of traditional uses, the seeds, leaves, flowers, roots, and stems of Datura plants are ingested, smoked, or made into a skin ointment. Auerbach's Wilderness Medicine. Atropine, hyoscyamine, hyoscine, and scopolamine. The leaves contain potent alkaloids (notably hyoscyamine and hyoscine), and all parts of the plant are poisonous if ingested. A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, for Health Content Provider (www.urac.org). 's editorial policy editorial process and privacy policy. Note: This list may not include all poisonous ingredients. They are commonly known as thornapples or jimsonweeds but are also known as devil's trumpets (not to be confused with angel's trumpets, which … Otherwise the main component of management is support and observation. Updated by: Jacob L. Heller, MD, MHA, Emergency Medicine, Emeritus, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA. This article is for information only. Jimsonweed poisoning causes dry mucous membranes and skin, thirst, flushing, fever, blurred vision, altered mental status, mydriasis, urinary retention, tachycardia, coma, and, in rare cases, death (1,4). 1439-1440 [9.] If you have animals or children, or just don't want the weed in your landscape, then get rid of it. Epidemiologic Notes and Reports Jimson Weed Poisoning -- Texas, New York, and California, 1994 Ingestion of Jimson weed (Datura stramonium), which contains the anticholinergics atropine and scopolamine, can cause serious illness or death. 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