The Old Vic Theatre Trust 2000 is a registered charity no. During World War I, London experienced its first bombing raids carried out by German zeppelin airships; these killed around 700 people and caused great terror, but were merely a foretaste of what was to come. [3] In 2010, the foundations of a large timber structure, dated to between 4,800 B.C.E. Many immigrants became disillusioned by routine threats of violence and molestation, attempts at expulsion of foreigners, and the great difficulty in acquiring English citizenship. Photograph via National Library of Ireland on Flickr Commons During his reign, aristocrats began to inhabit the West End in large numbers. During this period was also the uprising of the American colonies. Trade expanded beyond Western Europe to Russia, the Levant, and the Americas. The London 2012 Games were centred around the Olympic Park in east London, which is the site of a number of new sports venues. Each Hidden London ticket also entitles the holder to a 10% discount on all Hidden London merchandise at our shop, online and in store, within one month of your Hidden London event date. At the time, raw sewage was pumped straight into the River Thames. The palace was rarely favoured by future monarchs, but its construction was another step in the expansion of the bounds of London. In 604 King Saeberht of Essex converted to Christianity and London received Mellitus, its first post-Roman bishop. The history of London, the capital city of England and the United Kingdom, extends over 2000 years. Visit our store in West London for a unique destination shopping experience set in a former picture house With 10,000 square foot of showroom, The Old Cinema has been a Chiswick landmark since 1979. The period between the two World Wars saw London's geographical extent growing more quickly than ever before or since. In 2000, London-wide government was restored, with the creation of the Greater London Authority (GLA) by Tony Blair's government, covering the same area of Greater London. Low: GIF (160 KB) Late 1999: London Connections Map All rail and tube lines. "The Church East and West: Orienting the Queen Anne Churches, 1711-34. [17] The growth of the population and wealth of London was fuelled by a vast expansion in the use of coastal shipping. [31], At this time the Bank of England was founded, and the British East India Company was expanding its influence. According to Historia Regum Britanniae, by Geoffrey of Monmouth, London was founded by Brutus of Troy about 1000–1100 B.C.E. If you’re interested in the local history of a particular part of London, you’ll find plenty of old newspapers from the many distinct neighbourhoods like Croydon, Islington or or Woolwich. During the 19th century, London was transformed into the world's largest city and capital of the British Empire. Unofficial. [1] This bridge either crossed the Thames, or went to a now lost island in the river. A relatively small proportion of London’s population is over 65; 9.5% in Inner London and 13.9% in Outer London … Nobu London is currently temporarily closed for dine-in. This was an early stirring of the villa movement, the taste for residences which were neither of the city nor on an agricultural estate, but at the time of Elizabeth's death in 1603, London was still very compact. Three years after the war, the 1948 Summer Olympics were held at the original Wembley Stadium, at a time when the city had barely recovered from the war. One raid in December 1940, which became known as the Second Great Fire of London, saw a firestorm engulf much of the City of London and destroy many historic buildings. This was soon followed by the opening of great rail termini which eventually linked London to every corner of Great Britain, including Euston station (1837), Paddington station (1838), Fenchurch Street station (1841), Waterloo station (1848), King's Cross station (1850), and St Pancras station (1863). A large Irish population settled in the city during the Victorian period, with many of the newcomers refugees from the Great Famine (1845–1849). This building is considered one of the finest in Britain and a fine example of Baroque architecture. London's rebuilding was slow to begin. In 1176, construction began of the most famous incarnation of London Bridge (completed in 1209) which was built on the site of several earlier timber bridges. A visit to Hard Rock Cafe London is an inspired cultural and culinary experience. Was last edited on 19 December 2020, at this time completed on his birthday, raw sewage was straight! 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